Male Infertility

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Male Infertility

Up to 15 percent of couples remain infertile. This means they aren't ready to conceive a child, even though they've become frequent, unsafe sexual intercourse for a year or longer. In over a third of those couples, male infertility presents a role.

Male infertility is due to low sperm generation, unusual sperm function or blockages that stop the delivery of sperm. Illnesses, injuries, chronic health problems, lifestyle choices, and other circumstances can play a role in producing male infertility.

Not being able to conceive a child can be stressful and frustrating, but several male infertility therapies are available.

The main symptom of male infertility is the failure to conceive a child. There may be no other visible signs or symptoms. In unusual cases, however, an underlying problem such as an obtained disorder, a hormonal inequality, enlarged veins around the testicle or a position that prevents the entrance of sperm effects signs and symptoms.

Although the largest men with male infertility do not see symptoms other than the failure to conceive a child, signs, and symptoms connected with male infertility include:

  • Difficulties with sexual dysfunction treatment — for example, difficulty by ejaculation or small volumes of liquid ejaculated reduced sexual desire, or difficulty maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)
  • Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle region
  • Recurrent respiratory infections
  • Disability to smell
  • Unusual breast growth (gynecomastia)
  • Reduced facial or body hair or other signs of a chromosomal or hormonal irregularity
  • A lower than average sperm count (fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen or a total sperm count of fewer than 39 million per ejaculate)


Male fertility is a difficult process. To make your partner pregnant, the following must happen:

  • You must provide healthy sperm. Originally, this involves the growth and formation of the male generative organs during puberty. At least one of your testicles need to be functioning perfectly, and your body must generate testosterone and other hormones to trigger and control sperm production.
  • Sperm have to be taken into the semen. Once sperm are created in the testicles, fine tubes transport them continuously they mix with semen and are ejaculated outside of the penis.
  • There needs to be sufficient sperm in the semen. If the number of sperm in your semen (sperm count) is weak, it reduces the odds that one of your sperm will fertilize your partner's egg. A low sperm count is less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen or less than 39 million per ejaculate.
  • Sperm must be useful and able to move. If the move (motility) or function of your sperm is unusual, the sperm may not be capable to reach or understand your partner's seed.

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